Development charge cuts could help developers grappling with cooling measures and virus outbreak

SINGAPORE – Development charge (DC) rates for non-landed residential use have been cut again amid a weaker economic outlook and muted Government Land Sales (GLS) bids.

The reduction of 0.2 per cent on average for the March 1 to Aug 31 period is little changed from the 0.3 per cent drop when rates were last revised in September last year.

The DC cut should be modestly comforting for developers that have had to grapple with more uncertainty following the latest round of cooling measures and now the Covid-19 outbreak, said Ms Tricia Song, head of research for Singapore, Colliers International.

Developers pay DCs for the right to enhance the use of some sites or to build bigger projects on them.

Five out of the 118 sectors had cuts in DC rates ranging from 3 per cent to 7 per cent. Rates were left unchanged for the remaining 113 sectors.

The largest reduction of 7 per cent applies to sectors 34 and 35, which include areas such as Sophia, Upper Wilkie, Cavenagh and Bukit Timah Roads.

This could be due to the collective sale of Casa Sophia, which was sold in January this year for $29 million or $1,205 per sq ft per plot ratio. This was below the implied land rate of $1,347 psf in sector 34, Ms Song said.

Ms Christine Li, head of research for Singapore and South-east Asia at Cushman & Wakefield, noted that four out of the five sectors that saw a cut in DC rates are within the prime residential district or core central region (CCR).

The lower DC rates for sectors 46 and 47 could be due to the Irwell Bank GLS site, which saw a top bid of only $1,515 psf ppr compared with the Jiak Kim site (Riviere), which was sold at $1,730 psf ppr in 2017, she said.

The National Development Ministry revises the rates on March 1 and Sept 1 each year in consultation with the taxman’s chief valuer. They are based on the chief valuer’s assessment of land values and factor in recent sales and are stated according to use groups across 118 geographical sectors.

Rates remain unchanged for commercial, landed residential, hotel/hospital, industrial and place of worship/civic and community institution uses as well as for three other land-use groups – nature reserves; agricultural land; and drains, roads, railways and cemeteries.

DC rates for hotel/hospitality use were kept unchanged after a steep 45.6 per cent increase in the March 2019 revision. In the light of the virus outbreak and a potential 20 to 30 per cent drop in visitor arrivals this year, Ms Song said she sees room for hotel DC rates to ease should transacted valuations fall.

Another reason for the status quo in hotel DC rates could be recent deals associated with the redevelopment of Liang Court, Ms Li said.

“These deals were transacted at a relatively low land rate, which could imply that the hospitality market has stabilised,” she noted.

“Ascott Residence Trust divested a partial stake in Somerset Liang Court to (City Developments Limited). Meanwhile, CDL Hospitality Trust sold Novotel Singapore Clarke Quay to City Developments Limited and CapitaLand.

“Both deals were transacted at $1,000 psf ppr, below the hospitality rates for zone 20 after adjusting for the balance tenure of 58 years.”

DC rates for commercial use have also been kept unchanged – the first pause after seven consecutive increases since the September 2016 review.

This is in keeping with the more subdued commercial investment sales market after the completion of a few prominent deals in the earlier part of last year, said Ms Tay Huey Ying, head of research and consultancy, Singapore.

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