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This year, polling averages show Democrat presidential nominee Joe Biden with an eight-point national lead, more than twice the three-point margin Hillary Clinton had four years ago. In fact, Mr Biden headed into election day with the largest polling lead of any candidate since Bill Clinton’s 13-point lead over Bob Dole the day before the 1996 election. As Mrs Clinton discovered, though, the number of votes you win is less important than where you win them.
In 2016, President Trump shocked the world, winning the key states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin by a razor-thin margin of one percent or less to prevail in the Electoral College even as he lost the national popular vote by nearly three million votes.
The same could happen this year, particularly because the Electoral College favours Republicans, Mr Young told Express.co.uk.
He said: “It does so because it gives more weight to small and rural states.
“Those states are now trending increasingly Republican.
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“So what you have is a disproportionality in the Senate that doesn’t reflect the population of the popular vote.
“It is overweighted in those smaller states, red states.
“That’s why right now the House of Representatives is blue and the Senate is red.”
When asked whether the Electoral College should be reformed, Mr Young added: “It’s a by-product of the rules of the game that we have had in place for more than 200 years.
“Democracy is all about the rules of the game and different democracies have different rules of the game.
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“The American democracy, historically speaking, has always been about local control.
“Part of that local control is to give more weight to the states.”
On the other hand, Professor George Edwards III, at Texas A&M University, argued the Electoral College violates the “core tenet of democracy”.
He told The Guardian: “Why hold an election if we do not care who received the most votes?
“At the moment, the Electoral College favours Republicans because of the way Republican votes are distributed across the country.
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“They are more likely to occur in states that are closely divided between the parties.”
The latest tally of early voting in the US shows that almost 102 million Americans cast their votes before today’s vote.
It represents 73 percent of the total turnout for the 2016 presidential election, according to an analysis by Associated Press.
As the first polls closed at 6pm ET (11pm GMT), each candidate was awarded a predictable victory. Mr Trump took Kentucky while Mr Biden secured Vermont, giving Mr Biden three electoral points and Mr Trump eight.
The second round of polls closed at 7pm ET (12am GMT), with the US President taking West Virginia and South Carolina — both reliably Republican states. He took five and nine electoral votes, respectively.
Mr Biden won the state of Virginia, taking its 13 electoral votes.
A few polls closed at 8pm ET (1am GMT), with the wins largely unfolding as expected.
Mr Trump has won Alabama, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Arkansas, taking 39 electoral votes for winning those five states. Mr Biden has won Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Rhode Island, adding 69 electoral votes for those seven states.
Georgia and Ohio, two battleground states with early poll close times, were still too early to call.
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