Ramadan Mubarak: What does Ramadan Mubarak mean and how do you reply to the greeting?

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Yesterday was the first day of Eid-al-Fitr which marks the end of Ramadan. Ramadan takes place every year and is considered to be the holiest month in the Islamic Calendar. Most Muslims spend the month fasting, praying and spending time with friends and family during the 29 to 30 day period. Ramadan is steeped in tradition and history, with specific codes of behaviour, etiquette and conduct that are adhered to, here are some key points about what the greetings mean and how to respond.

This year, Ramadan begins today (April 12), and ended on Tuesday, May 13.

These dates were predicted by the Saudi Arabian government each year, which uses astronomical lunar charts to predict the rise of the first crescent moon.

Ramadan is a period of sombre spiritual reflection, daylight fasting and increased charitable behaviour for Muslims.

The most established greeting for Ramadan is “Ramadan Mubarak” which is said at the end of Ramadan on the evening of June 4 called Eid al-Fitr which is a celebratory breaking of the fast held on the last day of Ramadan.

It translates directly as “blessed celebration” or “have a blessed celebration”.

It can also mean “happy Ramadan” in the same manner as one wishes someone a Merry Christmas.

When someone greets you with “Ramadan Mubarak”, the expected responses are “Khair Mubarak” – which wishes goodness back on the person who originally greeted you.

Someone might also say “Ramadan Kareem” during the course of the celebration which translates as “generous Ramadan” wishing good rewards on people over the course of the month.

Other general phrases that can be shared with people over the month include “May this Ramadan be as bright as ever” and “Wishing you all the blessings of the holy month.”

In response to these good wishes and greetings, someone might respond with “JazakAllah Khair” – which means thank you and translates exactly to “May Allah reward you with goodness”.

Other typical examples of greetings may include:

  • As you fast and offer prayers to Allah, may you find your peace and happiness. Have a peaceful and happy Ramadan.
  • May the Spirit of Ramadan stay in our heart and illuminate our soul from within. Happy Ramadan!
  • May the crescent-shaped moon brighten your path toward enlightenment and may Allah bless you with peace and grace. Wishing you a Happy Ramadan!
  • Welcome the month of Ramadan with a heart filled with peace, harmony and joy. May the divine blessings of Allah protect and guide you.

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  • May this Ramadan bring joy, health and wealth to you.
  • On the month of Ramadan, I am wishing you four weeks of blessings, 30 days of clemency, and 720 hours of enlightenment. Happy Ramadan!
  • As the month of Ramadan starts, talk respectfully, treat others kindly, walk modestly and pray sincerely. May Allah bless you and your family.
  • May Allah always guide you all throughout your journey in life. I wish this Ramadan will infuse you with courage that will help you be triumphant over the adversities of life. Happy Ramadan!

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